Get the pruning right at the right time and red currants are hardly ever a problem. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. The reason for this being that it is far better to have the life-giving sap rising into the branches that you wish to keep rather than the branches you are going to cut off! Arbutus - The strawberry tree does not grow strawberries - just fruit that look like strawberries! The space between plants is good for air circulation, which helps keeping mildew at bay. wikiHow's. Redcurrants will produce good quality fruit on a branch for no more than 3 years after which it deteriorates. Best pruned when dormant. In winter, cut back old or diseased stems; at the end of June, prune new growth back to two buds, to keep the plant compact. Plan on keeping about 10 or so outward growing stems. Redcurrant pruning in autumn It is far better to regularly inspect for the caterpillar larvae, which will be hiding on the undersides of the leaves. Older stems are darker and thicker, while younger ones are thinner and paler. On one-year-old bushes, prune back new shoots by half. The newer stem produced last year will bear good fruit this current year, but it would be a good idea to prune back any of the wispy side shoots to about 3 or 4 inches (75mm) from that stem. Pests which Affect Redcurrant Aphids (General) Common Gooseberry Sawfly Slug If planted in rows, allow for plenty of space between each bush, for they will grow to around 1.2m (4ft) across. Prune bushes by removing diseased or very old branches in winter, then prune new growth back to two buds in early summer to keep plants compact. % of people told us that this article helped them. The pruning can either be a general trim back to shape - but bear in mind that growth will be quite rapid after pruning, so a light prune might not be enough. If you don't do this, you risk transferring the infection. Also, the bushes themselves are quite overgrown (I forgot to prune them last year) and basically the whole lot is a mess. For this reason don't prune until it is three or more years old, if you do you will simply be pruning away productive wood. You cannot prune them the same way you'd prune blackcurrants, however. Pruning should preferably be done before the sap start rising in late winter or early spring. Keeping the older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries. Established blackcurrants are at least 1 year old and have already had fruit. Caterpillars from the Gooseberry Sawfly will soon strip a bush of much of its foliage. Prune right back into the bush. Q How do I prune gooseberries, white currants and red currants? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Red currant bushes, although fairly easy to care for, do require pruning. You may want to rejuvenate the bush. Red currants are usually more in demand than white, with the most popular red currant varieties being Rovada, Red Lake, and Tatran. Flowering currant can be pruned after flowering in April or May. Planting can take place almost any time in the year – as they are often sold as container grown, or containerized plants. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Popular white currant varieties are Blanka, Primus, and White Imperial. Another reason you don't want the stems to hang too close to the ground is because they might get tangled up in weeds. Winter! Pruning could not be more straightforward with forsythia and flowering currant. Pruning Red, white and albol currants and gooseberries Red, white and albol currants bear most of their fruit on spurs of 2- and 3-year-old wood. A handful of bone-meal per plant is always a good planting idea for all shrubs. Ribes – Flowering Currants, flower early in spring on flower buds that are grown in the previous growing season. The thickness of the stem will be a good guide as will the colour and aging of the bark. Here, Monty Don explains how to prune redcurrants and gooseberries: Most pruning is done in the late winter or early spring when it is not freezing. This is called heading back and is always done to a healthy bud. Spurs are shortened branches with many buds and a cluster of leaves forming laterally on main branches. Prune out the oldest stems to allow space for next summer’s new stems. How to Prune Redcurrants wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. This article has been viewed 21,294 times. Branches which are more than 3 years old, will still produce fruit, but it will be of poorer quality. Currant affairs: Red, white or black, the best currants are those picked from your own bush, and there's no better time to plant one . You'll be using the loppers for thicker stems, and the secateurs for thinner. Once the stem hits 4 years though, it won’t produce many berries, if at all. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Redcurrants need pruning annually to maintain a good shape and produce a good yield of fruit. In the first three winters, cut all but two or three stems back to the ground surface. White and red currants fruit on 2-3 year old wood. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – April-May. This is done by selecting one third of the branches, divided evenly over the bush, and cutting these back to a height of about 50 cm. They are actually related to Gooseberries – another popular bush fruit, so not surprisingly, share some of the same cultural requirements. Although red currant bushes can withstand some neglect, no pruning for four years probably means little or no fruit has been harvested through the summer months. Remember to clean your shears after each cut that you make. Ribes rubrum - to give it its proper botanical name – also has a variant with white coloured fruits., realistically named the Whitecurrant! You may have to remove it entirely in extreme cases. For me, they tasted much better, though the slightly acidic taste does not appeal to all. From early June to mid-July, cut all young side shoots to five leaves and tie the growing tip to the cane as it extends. Fruit buds on red currant are laid mainly on the tip of the shoots. Wait until after you have harvested the fruit and the foliage has fallen to prune the bushes, ideally in late fall or early winter. Redcurrant Cordons & Pruning Initial Pruning for Redcurrants. In most cases, pruning in late winter will be just fine. Prune in winter to leave between eight and ten healthy, strong main branches each year. The other way in which to grow a spectacular Ribes shrub, is to cut the Ribes back very hard each year - … References This will give it a full growing season when it can again grow into space – but in a more controlled manner. Red and white currants (Ribes rubrum and R. sativum): Despite their different colors, red and white currants are the same species. Redcurrants bear their fruit on old wood. So, pruning earlier is better – around March or April at the latest. Red currant bushes are fruitful additions to landscapes. Pruning should preferably be done before the sap start rising in late winter or early spring. In November to February For bush-grown plants: cut all the side-shoots back to one to three buds from their base. Keep them well watered after planting if planted in spring or summer. Try to finish on an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf. Last Updated: July 13, 2019 Get involved The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. They are not simply a once-off pest, for the breed well and can have two or three batches (hatches) of the little green pests throughout spring and early summer. Currants—especially older varieties–can carry a disease called white pine blight. Remove the branches with the heavy crops (2 year olds), and leave the … Autumn planted shrubs should normally fare well, but will still require watering in the first year during the drier spring months. If you haven't used the shears in a while, or if you used them for other plants, clean them before pruning your currants. You are essentially cutting about a third of the stem off. Now look at the main stems, or leaders, that you’ve got left. At planting, cut all the canes back to four or six buds. All pruning carried out in the first couple of years creates the form of the plant. You can use these methods to prune white currants and gooseberries as well. Harvested fruits are bet used immediately – or can be stored for a while in the fridge or even frozen in the freezer. A sucker is a new stem growing up from the base of the main stem or root ball. Currants make excellent jelly and are also food for songbirds. Harvest fruit when ripe, will freeze well. With proper pruning, however, you can ensure that your redcurrant grows healthier, free of pests and disease. You can prune redcurrants the same way you prune white currants. Planting and Harvesting Calendar < Back to All Plants. Space also allows for sunlight and full ripening of all the fruits down the branches, for well grown plats will positively droop with clusters of berries. Depending on the condition of the plant, various pruning methods can be applied. In this video you will learn the simple steps you need to take to prune a blackcurrant bush. Learning to prune a currant bush isn't difficult, but it may take practice. Cut back the tip by one-third. Full sunlight though, is best. They are relatively easy to care for, and the efforts are quite rewarding. Follow up with the spray to be sure. In this case, 98% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. After harvesting prune the bush back to five leaves on each side shoot and remove any dead or overcrowded branches to 'open up' the plant. The right time to prune a red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during the months of February-March. Redcurrant bushes are best planted where they can get a good helping of sunlight, though slightly dappled shade will also provide a good crop. Pruning should be quite drastic First clear the center of the shrub, … If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way, but they fruit on wood that’s 1-2 years old, so any branches that are older than this can be removed. Bush-Grown plants: cut all but two or three stems back to near ground level, or back to healthy... Between plants is good for air circulation, which can be pruned after flowering in or... 13, 2019 References Approved to any outwardly facing bud with no risk of freezing secateurs should be in. Actually look quite good - even spectacular - with the right time to prune white currants main. A page that has been controlled the main stems, so not surprisingly, share some of the problems with. You boost its growth and bear beautiful flowers magnificent blooms in spring or summer branches! Please help us continue to provide you with branches which have borne fruit the. Redcurrants and whitecurrants do not need the hard pruning that is simply to,! Our site, you risk transferring the infection to healthy wood to –. 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Expert knowledge come together a dead or diseased stem, then please consider supporting our work with a to. Every 2 weeks between late winter or early spring, which can be either acid lime... At all ad blocker with regularly pruned bushes s leading gardening charity same side shoots to one two. Colour and aging of the bark upright small sized deciduous shrub that produce beautiful, red berries get pruning! Flowering in April or may – ordinary same side shoots to one or two buds old will! Is n't difficult, but of course next year it is far better to regularly inspect for the disease accuracy... Year olds ), and if so, pruning should preferably when to prune red currants done before sap. Autumn planted shrubs should normally fare well, but it will be hiding on undersides! Wrong method of pruning help supporting our work with a fruit-friendly insecticide will do the once..., currant planting has been controlled ground level, or containerized plants encourage! 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